The vineyard of Malmaison castle, located on Moulis name in Medoc, is undoubtedly one of oldest Medoc. Indeed, as of the Average Age, the vine was established there by some owners and an important religious community.
This property contiguous to Château Clarke was also acquired in 1973 by the Baron Edmond de Rothschild with the idea to recreate a great field.
The field of Malmaison Castle, then with the state of abandonment, is reconstituted. In the same way, the vineyard is replanted between 1974 and 1978 to reach 24 ha in perfect state. Its soil argilo-limestone supports the expression of Merlot to a total value of 80%, the Sauvignon Cabernet supplementing it to a total value of 20%. Encépagement, dominated by the merlot, gives round and silky wines typical of this particular soil.
The greatest care is taken to each detail of the development of this vintage, since the maintenance of the vine, with a permanent objective of quality. With each vintage, the grapes are collected manually then are the subject of a sorting on carpet before the setting out of tank. The wine making proceeds then in automatically thermobabbited tanks stainless. Lastly, the wines will be refined during 14 to 18 months out of new barrels and one year fair barrels.
Thus, the wine of Malmaison associates smoothness, flexibility and elegance with a rich and fruity bouquet.
Since 1997, the baroness Nadine de Rothschild perpetuates the history of this property according to the wish of her husband.
MOULIS IN MEDOC
Density of plantation:
6600 pieds/ha (1m X 1,5m)
Sauvignon cabernet: 20%
Nature of the ground:
Calcareous ground sandy argilo and argilo.
Average age of the vineyard:
22 to 25 years
Control of the Vine:
Putting under grass enters the rows
Mode of size:
Guyot doubles médocain.
Manual, tri handbook on the whole of harvest.
Maceration préfermentaire cold, wine making out of tanks stainless. Automatic system of thermoregulation. Microphone-oxygenation out of tank. Malo-lactic fermentation out of new barrels.
30% to 50% out of new barrels according to the years, the remainder out of barrels of a wine. Breeding from 14 to 18 months according to years’.
Viticultural company of the Barons
Edmond and Benjamin de Rothschild
(33) 5 56 58 38 00
(33) 5 56 58 26 46
The vineyard of Malmaison castle, located on Moulis name in Medoc, is undoubtedly one of oldest Medoc. Indeed, as of the Average Age, the vine was established there by some owners and an important religious community.
Maximizing Your Audio Drive on a Mac
This is a quick and easy way to improve the performance of your audio drive(s) on a Mac running OS X by disabling journaling. Disabling journaling on your audio drive speeds up the process of accessing data, improving overall system performance. To disable journaling, go to Utilities and select Disk Utility. Then select your audio drive, select File, Disable Journaling. Note: In Mac OS X 10.4 and later, press Option to make Disable Journaling visible in the File menu.
A Commentary by John Stott.
Galatians 3:1-9. The folly of the Galatians.
Throughout most of chapters 1 and 2 Paul has been stoutly defending the divine origin of his apostolic mission and message. They had been derived from God, he insists, and were independent of men.
Now he comes back to the Galatians, and to their unfaithfulness to the gospel as a result of the corrupting influence of the false teachers. Verse 1: ‘O foolish Galatians!’ Verse 3: ‘Are you so foolish?’ Or, as J.B.Phillips puts it, ‘O you dear idiots of Galatia… surely you can’t be so idiotic…?’ The Galatians’ turning away from the gospel, therefore, was not only a kind of spiritual treason (1:6), but also an act of folly. Indeed, so stupid was it that Paul wonders if some sorcerer ‘has bewitched’ them or ‘has been casting a spell’ (JBP) over them. His question is partly rhetorical, because he knows only too well about the activities of the false teachers. But perhaps he uses the singular (‘who…?) because behind these false teachers he detects the activity of the devil himself, the deceiving spirit, whom the Lord Jesus called ‘a liar and the father of lies’ (Jn.8:44). Much of our Christian stupidity in grasping and applying the gospel may be due to spells which he casts.
What have the Galatians done, which leads Paul to complain of their senselessness and to ask if they have been bewitched? They have yielded to the teaching of the Judaizers. Having embraced the truth at the beginning (that sinners are justified by grace, in Christ, through faith), they have now adopted the view that circumcision and the works of the law are also necessary for justification.
The essence of Paul’s argument is that their new position is a contradiction of the gospel. The reason for his astonishment at their folly is that before their very eyes Jesus Christ has been ‘publicly portrayed as crucified’. It is not just that Christ was publicly portrayed before their eyes, but that He was portrayed before them *as crucified* (an emphatic participle at the end of the sentence). It is possible that Paul is making a further allusion to their having been bewitched. He seems to be asking how some sorcerer could have put them under the spell of an evil eye, when before their very eyes Christ has been portrayed as crucified.
This, then, is the gospel. It is not a general instruction about the Jesus of history, but a specific proclamation of Jesus Christ as crucified (cf. 1 Cor. 1:23; 2:2). The force of the perfect tense of the participle (*estauromenos*) is that Christ’s work was completed on the cross, and that the benefits of His crucifixion are for ever fresh, valid and available. Sinners may be justified before God and by God, not because of any works of their own, but because of the atoning work of Christ; not because of anything that they have done or could do, but because of what Christ did once, when He died. The gospel is not good advice to men, but good news about Christ; not an invitation to us to do anything, but a declaration of what God has done; not a demand, but an offer.
And if the Galatians had grasped the gospel of Christ crucified, that on the cross Christ did everything necessary for our salvation, they would have realized that the only thing required of them was to receive the good news by faith. To add good works to the work of Christ was an offence to His finished work, as we saw in 2:21.
Paul now exposes the senselessness of the Galatians. They should have resisted the spell of whoever was bewitching them. They knew perfectly well that the gospel is received by faith alone, since their own experience (verses 2-5) and the plain teaching of Scripture (verses 6-9) had told them so.
A Commentary by John Stott.
Galatians 3:29. c). In Christ we are Abraham’s seed.
*And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise*. We have seen that in Christ we belong to God and to each other. In Christ we also belong to Abraham. We take our place in the noble historical succession of faith, whose outstanding representatives are listed in Hebrews 11. No longer do we feel ourselves to be waifs and strays, without any significance in history, or bits of useless flotsam drifting on the tide of time. Instead, we find our place in the unfolding purpose of God. We are the spiritual seed of our father Abraham, who lived and died 4,000 years ago, for in Christ we have become heirs of the promise which God made to him.
These, then, are the results of being ‘in Christ’, and they speak with powerful relevance to us today. For our generation is busy developing a philosophy of meaninglessness. It is fashionable nowadays to believe (or to say you believe) that life has no meaning, no purpose. There are many who admit that they have nothing to live for. They do not feel that they belong anywhere, or, if they belong, it is to the group known as ‘the unattached’. They class themselves as ‘outsiders’, ‘misfits’. They are without anchor, security or home. In biblical language, they are ‘lost’.
To such people comes the promise that in Christ we find ourselves. The unattached become attached. They find their place in eternity (related first and foremost to God as His sons and daughters), in society (related to each other as brothers and sisters in the same family) and in history (related also to the succession of God’s people down the ages). This is a three-dimensional attachment which we gain when we are in Christ – in height, breadth and length. It is an attachment in ‘height’ through reconciliation to the God who, although radical theologians repudiate the concept and we must be careful how we interpret it, is a God ‘above’ us, transcendent over the universe He has made. Next, it is an attachment in ‘breadth’, since in Christ we are united to all other believers throughout the world. Thirdly, it is an attachment in ‘length’, as we join the long, long line of believers throughout the whole course of time.
So conversion, although supernatural in its origin, is natural in its effects. It does not disrupt nature, but fulfils it, for it puts me where I belong. It relates me to God, to man and to history. It enables me to answer the most basic of all human questions, ‘Who am I?’ and to say, ‘In Christ I am a son of God. In Christ I am united to all the redeemed people of God, past, present and future. In Christ I discover my identity. In Christ I find my feet. In Christ I come home.’
Conclusion. The apostle has painted a vivid contrast between those who are ‘under the law’ and those who are ‘in Christ’ and everybody belongs to the one or the other category. If we are ‘under the law’, our religion is a bondage. Having no knowledge of forgiveness, we are still, as it were, in custody, like prisoners in gaol or children under tutors. It is sad to be in prison and in the nursery when we could be grown up and free. But if we are ‘in Christ’, we have been set free. Our religion is characterized by ‘promise’ rather than by ‘law’. We know ourselves related to God, and to all God’s other children in space, time and eternity.
We cannot come to Christ to be justified until we have first been to Moses to be condemned. But once we have gone to Moses, and acknowledged our sin, guilt and condemnation, we must not stay there. We must let Moses send us to Christ.
Immaturity Level Rising in Adults
New research is showing that grown-ups are more immature than ever. From the article: ‘Specifically, it seems a growing number of people are retaining the behaviors and attitudes associated with youth. As a consequence, many older people simply never achieve mental adulthood, according to a leading expert on evolutionary psychiatry.’
Here are a couple of little quotes from that Discovery.com article:
“People such as academics, teachers, scientists and many other professionals are often strikingly immature outside of their strictly specialist competence in the sense of being unpredictable, unbalanced in priorities, and tending to overreact.”
The faults of youth are retained along with the virtues, he believes. These include short attention span, sensation and novelty-seeking, short cycles of arbitrary fashion and a sense of cultural shallowness.
Posted in World, Nature
This is a good drink check out the link above.
Mocha Cappuccino with Whey Protein Our Perfectly Protein Mocha Cappuccino is a smooth blend of 100% Arabica coffee, premium cocoa and pure Madagascar vanilla extract. We carefully selected Arabica coffee beans for their distinctive, full-bodied character and delicate caramel aftertaste. For a rich and creamy consistency, low-fat milk and whey protein are gently combined to complete this delicious blend. Perfectly Protein Mocha Cappuccino is truly an experience any coffee connoisseur will appreciate. Only the best ingredients go into our beverages, and the same should go for your body.
More chocolate…less guilt. Why you should feel good about drinking Perfectly Protein Mocha Cappuccino:
Excellent source of 7 Vitamins and Minerals.
Good source of Potassium and Iron.
Packed with 10g of Whey Protein per 8oz serving.
Contains 18 Amino Acids.
Low fat ~ All Natural ~ No Added Sugars.
Contains 60mg of caffeine per 8oz serving.
(One cup of brewed coffee ≈ 115mg)
No preservatives and nothing artificial.
Flash Pasteurized and cold-aseptic filled to preserve taste and provide superior nutrition.
Potassium 19% Vitamin C 150%
Calcium 45% Iron 10%
Vitamin B6 150% Vitamin B12 150%
Magnesium 20% Zinc 20%
Vitamin D 20%
94 for the 2003 – Wine Enthusiast – UNITED STATES
The May edition of Wine Enthusiast contains tasting notes on Château Mouton Rothschild 2003 giving it 94/100: “This wine is dominated by new wood, which goes right through the big, dark fruit flavors and tannins. Very ripe cassis flavors are under this wood, waiting likely for many years before the wood flavors subside.” (May 2006)
95: “Powerful” – The Wine Advocate – UNITED STATES
Robert Parker gives Château Mouton Rothschild 2003 a score of 95 which he describes as follows: “Backward, powerful, and extremely tannic, the dense purple-colored 2003 Mouton-Rothschild, a blend of 76% Cabernet Sauvignon, 14% Merlot, 8% Cabernet Franc, and 2% Petit Verdot, fashioned from yields of 28 hectoliters per hectare, with a finished alcohol of 12.9%, improves dramatically with aeration.” (April 2006)
Mouton and Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild – Paris Match – FRANCE
An article in the magazine Paris Match notes the exceptional nature of the label for Château Mouton Rothschild 2003. Usually illustrated by an artist, the 2003 label shows Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild, who acquired the Mouton estate on 11 May 1853. (15– 21 December 2005)
Château Mouton Rothschild 2003: 18 – JM Quarin’s Tasting Reports – FRANCE
18 is the mark awarded to Château Mouton Rothschild 2003 by JM Quarin in his Tasting Reports. In particular, he finds that a “skillful balance between maturity and freshness magnifies the wine on the mid-palate, where it displays considerable richness”. (December 2005)
“Close-knit and creamy tannins, plenty of fruit” – La Revue du Vin de France – Special issue – FRANCE
“Purple colour, dense with a violet tint, a powerful, rather explosive nose with lovely oak, incredibly ripe fruit, gentle spice notes; massive and dense on the palate, with beautiful depth, close-knit and creamy tannins, plenty of fruit, persistent flavours and tremendous potential” is how the Revue du Vin de France describes Château Mouton Rothschild 2003. (November 2005)
Since 1933, Baron Philippe de Rothschild SA, located at Pauillac in the Médoc, has been motivated by a constant ambition: to make the world’s finest wines, each in its own category, whether the châteaux wines for which it is responsible – the renowned Château Mouton Rothschild, a First Growth, and its distinguished lieutenants, Château Clerc Milon and Château d’Armailhac – or branded wines, like the famous Mouton Cadet.
Baron Philippe de Rothschild SA has also exported its know-how beyond Bordeaux: to the Pays d’Oc, with a range of varietal wines and, more recently, Domaine de Baron’arques; to California, with Opus One; and to Chile, with Almaviva.
One of the key factors behind the company’s undisputed success is the art of blending, which it practises with exceptional skill. Baroness Philippine de Rothschild, the majority shareholder of Baron Philippe de Rothschild SA, works closely with the executive directors to maintain, modernise and develop the family business.
As well as telling you more about the company, this site gives you access to databases, including tasting notes, Château Mouton Rothschild labels, etc., and offers a number of virtual tours.
We hope you enjoy discovering the world of Baron Philippe de Rothschild.
Just some info on the Rothchild wines and history
In 1853, an English member of the Rothschild family, Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild, purchased the property then called Chateau Brane-Mouton and renamed it Chateau Mouton-Rothschild. In 1922, his great grandson, the legendary Baron Philippe, took its destiny into his own hands, and gave it a new start.
Château Mouton Rothschild
The sixty years of his ownership bear, the stamp of his strong personnality, his entrepreneurial flair and his sens of innovation.
In 1924, he initiated the hitherto unusual practice of bottling all production at the Chateau. This innovation brought with it the need for more storage capacity. In 1926, he built the famous 100 meter long “Grand Chai”. In 1945, Baron Philippe conceived the original idea of crowning the Mouton label with a work of art created for this purpose by famous artists: Miró, Chagall, Braque, Picasso, Warhol, Bacon, Balthus, among others. In 1962, he created at Mouton the “Museum of Wine in Art” which displays a priceless collection of art works relating to wine and the vine.
After a twenty-year battle, Baron Philippe obtained a revision of the 1855 Classification and in 1973, Mouton-Rothschild became officially a Premier Cru Classé.
Since her father’s death in 1988, Baroness Philippine has assumed control of Mouton-Rothschild, enhancing still further its quality and reputation around the world.
Baroness Philippine de Rothschild
Baroness Philippine de Rothschild is the owner, with her children, of three great Châteaux at Pauillac in the Médoc: Château Mouton Rothschild, Premier Cru Classé, Château d’Armailhac and Château Clerc Milon. She is Chairman of the Supervisory Board and majority shareholder of the family company, Baron Philippe de Rothschild SA, the leading exporter of AOC Bordeaux wines, foremost among them the famous Mouton Cadet.
Baroness Philippine de Rothschild
with her two sons, Philippe and Julien
Philippine de Rothschild was a child in occupied France during the Second World War. Her father had joined General de Gaulle in London; meanwhile her mother was arrested by the Nazis and deported to Ravensbrück, where she died in 1945. Philippine herself miraculously escaped capture and death.
Stage-struck, in 1958 she graduated from the Conservatoire National d’Art Dramatique in Paris with two major awards and a contract with the Comédie Française, where she played many roles in both classical and modern theatre. While there, she met and married the actor and director Jacques Sereys, from whom she is now divorced. She has three children: Camille, born in 1961, Philippe, in 1963, and Julien, in 1971.
After leaving the Comédie Française in 1964, she continued her career, and in 1973, shared the stage with Madeleine Renaud in one of the leading roles in Harold and Maude. The play was a tremendous success and ran in repertory for seven years.
During the 1980s, as the health of her father, Baron Philippe, declined, she became increasingly involved in the life of Mouton and the family business. She began in 1981 by creating a travelling exhibition, “Mouton Rothschild, Paintings for the Labels”, which introduced a wide public to the original works of art created since 1945 by famous painters for the Château Mouton Rothschild labels. At the same time, she took part in numerous high-profile events and promotional initiatives throughout the world.
Since her father’s death in 1988, Philippine de Rothschild has assumed all his duties and responsibilities. She has raised ever higher the star of Mouton, an illustrious wine and a prime tourist attraction, she has modernised the facilities of the family Company, made it commercially even more effective, and successfully established it in several major wine-growing regions in France and abroad, producing both premium and branded wines :
- Premium wines: At Mouton, creation in 1991 of a premium white wine, Aile d’Argent, and in 1994 of a second wine for Mouton Rothschild, Le Petit Mouton de Mouton Rothschild. In Pays d’Oc, acquisition in 1998 of Domaine de Lambert, currently being renovated. In California, opening in 1991 of a magnificent semi-circular winery at Opus One. In Chile, creation in 1997 of a premium red wine, Almaviva, with a bodega built of the finest wood, completed in 2000.
- Branded wines: Inauguration in 1993 of an ultra-modern winery near Pauillac and creation of new brands: in 1995, the Heritage Range; in 1998, Mouton Cadet Réserve white and red. In Pays d’Oc, launch in 1995 of a comprehensive range of red and white varietal wines, and in 2000 of a blended red wine, Baron’arques. In Chile, launch in 2000 of a range of varietal wines and a blended red wine, Escudo Rojo.
The company more than doubled its consolidated annual turnover between 1988 and 2002.
Baroness Philippine de Rothschild is a Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur and Officier des Arts et Lettres.
A wine may be tasted to determine the type of wine, to appraise its quality, to determine its blend, to detect origin, or in comparison with different wines. You can also just taste wine for pleasure. The most difficult part is the ability to describe the sensations and impressions in clear terms. Different types of wine are not judged by the same standards (such as merlot and chardonnay); thus, the difficulty lies in appraising each wine within its own category.
A wine’s viscosity or “legs,” which run down the sides of the glass when it is swirled. The more slow moving the legs, the denser the flavor. So if a red wine is pale to brickish and has slow moving legs you can expect it to be mature. Holding the glass by the stem, tilt and observe it from several angles with a white background, such as table linen, and examine the clarity and color.
Clarity: Most wines should be brilliant and clear as opposed to cloudy or hazy. Unless the winemaker purposely left the wine unfiltered to create a certain flavor or stylistic difference.
Color: The intensity and shade is referred as the “robe”, we say a wine is ruby, garnet, or purplish, as red wines age they fade, going from deep purple to, eventually, a brick color,. Intense color generally signifies good quality whereas browning indicates the wine is oxidized or over its peak. The color intensity of a red wine is an indication of the “body”, while the hue shows its age. The color of white wines shows its state of oxidation, white wines grow darker.
Swirl the wine in the glass, smell and identify the components in the aroma and bouquet of the wine recalling aromas that you have experienced before. Certain types of wine may be judged almost entirely on their odor. The sensation received when the wine is in the mouth is not solely belong to the sense of taste, as we smell by way of the retronasel canal this is the mouth aroma.
Aroma: Smells that originate from the grape itself, especially when young.
Bouquet: Smells created by the winemaking, which occur after fermentation and barrel-aging.
Take a sip of the wine, draw air in over your palate and swallow, noting the effect and flavor of the wine in all areas of your mouth. Note the characteristics of the wine at the tip of your tongue, the middle, the sides, and the back flavors. At the tip of the tongue, we detect sweetness, sourness on the sides and underneath, salt on the edges, and bitterness at the back of the tongue when swallowing. Wine contains these four basic tastes sweet, sour, salt, and bitter. Of the four tastes, the sweet is the only agreeable one, as the others in their pure state are unpleasant, unless they are compensated by sweet tastes. Sweet comes from the alcohol and its sugars, sour taste comes from the free organic acids, salt taste comes from salts, and the bitter taste comes from the tannins. A fine wine well have balance from front to back with all flavors in harmony without any surprises.
Flavor: Flavor involves your sensory impressions of taste and smell picked up in “aroma” on your palate and nasal passages.
Palate: The sensory impressions that are detected on the palate include acid, alcohol, sweetness, bitterness and astringency.
Besides the flavor impressions, the wine feel on the palate will give you the impressions of temperature, consistency, viscosity, and volume.
Body: The mouthfeel of a wine. Body can be light, medium or full.
Finish: The aftertaste of a wine. Common descriptors include long, short, clean, tart, tannic and many more.
The overall impression of a wine is the combination of all the above senses. To determine whether your final impression of the wine is balanced or not.
I really like this companys stuff it all natrual no garbage in there produduts and they smell wonderfull. I really like the “Eve Des Bavx” DESCRIPTION In Provence, the knights from the village of Les Baux chose the cypress tree as a symbol of their strength and honor, and a bright star in the sky as their guiding force. In honor of their courage, L’OCCITANE has created a sensual and mysterious blend of cypress and incense named Eau de Baux.
I think this is just a wonderfull company that really gets back at the junk that is made and called body care this stuff is just made with care and a passion for the best. Treat yourself to this fine compay. I have noticed that the cents affect you and can wake you up or calm you down.
L’OCCITANE is a unique brand focusing on the well-being of women and men alike. It seeks to create harmony which links the pleasure of the senses with inner balance. The products range from personal care lines to home fragrances. All are manufactured in the time-honored traditional way using fine natural ingredients, primarily from Provence.
The company was founded by Olivier Baussan in the south of France in 1976. The first shop and mail order service was opened in Volx, France, in 1980. The current factory in Manosque was established in response to an ever-growing distribution network. In the mid to late 1990s; subsidiaries were opened in the U.S., Hong Kong and the U.K.
Today, L’OCCITANE employs some 1200 people. In addition to mail order sales, there are some 500 L’OCCITANE stores in nearly 60 countries. All products and stores reflect the company’s core values of authenticity, simplicity, sensory pleasure and respect for people and the planet. From simple, natural ingredients, L’OCCITANE creates products that serve the ultimate goal of well-being in ourselves and in our homes. The fragrances are varied, unusual, natural and wonderfully appealing.
L’OCCITANE creates natural body, skincare and fragrance products for men, women and the home. All the product ranges are presented in traditional packaging that reflect the true elegance of simplicity. And all are produced according to strict ethical guidelines.
A true story
L’OCCITANE is true to itself and its founding principles. Authenticity and effective natural products designed to procure true well-being. True stories behind the development of our products. And true pleasure in their use.
Wherever you look in Bobo Dioulasso, your eyes fall on majestic Shea trees that have always supplied the precious butter used in this part of West Africa. Because the trees are sacred, it is forbidden to pick the fruit, so it can only be collected from the ground. The secret for preparing Shea Butter is strictly reserved for the women. They are also the only ones to benefit from its trade, which is why it is called “Women’s Gold”. Shea Butter protects the skin against the sun as well as the hot winds carrying dust and fine sand that dry the skin. Thanks to precious Shea Butter, the women of this region protect, nourish and moisturize* their skin.
STRAIGHT FROM THE SOURCE
L’OCCITANE’s Shea Butter range brings these same benefits to the face, hair and body in products that contain a high percentage of Shea Butter, which is particularly recommended for dry and very dry skin. The women of Burkina Faso harvest the Shea fruit, extract and dry the nuts, grind them to make a fine paste and transform the paste into Shea Butter – a universal and irreplaceable beauty care product.
Orange flowers glow in the lush greenery…
I have never distilled orange flower water because the orange tree cannot resist the harsh climate of Haute-Provence, more suited to aromatic plants. But these trees have always fascinated me.
Maybe it has something to do with the now very distant memory of those rare fruits that we used to get for Christmas, wrapped in individual squares of tissue paper with cheerful and naïf designs. Or those little lamps we used to make for the Christmas dinner table with a candle stub inside the topped orange skins. Or those aromatic pomanders spiked with cloves that added a spicy fragrance in our houses throughout the year.
The orange tree is more fragile than the olive or almond tree and prefers a coastal environment. Although it made the reputation of the town of Grasse, very few orange groves are still cultivated in the region and the production of essential oil is rare. Orange flowers are now harvested for the perfume industry mainly on the other side of the Mediterranean, in Egypt and in Tunisia, not far from Carthage.
There are different varieties of orange trees. The sweet orange tree produces the Christmas fruit, while the species most valued for its essential oil is the bitter orange tree, also called the Seville orange tree. The essence of orange flower water is obtained from its first flowers in April.
The flowers are harvested very early in the morning, before the sun’s heat affects their freshness, and gathered in canvas bags. They are then distilled on the same day in order to preserve their full fragrance, producing an essence so smooth and delicate, that it was called after a famous Italian aristocratic beauty of the 16th century called princess of Nerola.
The orange flower water from the Neroli distillery sustained the reputation of the Grasse region for many long years. This precious, soothing and refreshing water has been used for thousands of years on the eastern side of the Mediterranean to wash the hands of honoured guests before meals, in a timeless ritual of welcome and respect.
But the orange tree gives us more than its spring blossoms. The peel of its small green fruits and its leaves are used to produce an essential oil called “petit grain”, whose fragrance is sharper and more fruity and which is mainly used in the manufacture of eaux de Cologne and soaps.
In autumn, the orange tree’s second blooming produces flowers with less essence, which are used to make bouquets and the traditional orange blossom circlets of young brides. Throughout the Mediterranean region, the tree’s white blossoms are regarded as a symbol of purity.
The flowers that are not plucked produce the fruits of the winter. The people of Grasse many years ago used to turn the thick peel inside out to make little jewellery caskets and sweet boxes, some of which are on view in the town’s perfume museum. I thought that this tradition had completely died away, but recently I came across the work of craftsmen who still make these fragile and precious boxes. Guess where? In California!
So this know-how has not been lost, after all, and is still being enriched, as are many other precious and useful products of the orange tree!